Killerton House Fashion Collection - Neckwear

“In times past our clothes contained our care and love, the handmade lace collar, the finely trimmed crocheted cuff, colourful embroidery or carefully carved buttons. Labours of love, gestures of affection and an expression of personal creativity, the handmade clothes of the past were expressions of individuality and a material archive of intimate attachment.”


"A habit-shirt or chemisette worn as a fill-in, was made in two parts joined around the waist with tapes and sewn together at the shoulders. It could have buttoning either front or back. A tucker, usually of lace, covered the décolletage, normally straight at the tope and then shaped to fit into the neckline. Neckerchiefs, worn mainly with day dresses were knotted loosely in the front A tippet made of lace or lawn had long streamers and was worn both for day and evening wear. Coloured silk cravats were sometimes worn with ruffs, and gauze silk scarves were also popular. neck ruffs ceased to be worn after about 1836 and turned-down collars became very broad. A pelerine, a cape-like flat collar, or a fichu-pelerine, was worn from about 1826. It was a shoulder covering wide enough to envelop large sleeves and droop over with them. It could consist of a double cape and turned-down collar, the ends of the fichu hanging down either side in the front and sometimes caught under the belt at the waist." - p41 The Regency by Marion Sichel (Costume Reference 5)

"A lappet is a decorative flap, fold or hanging part of a headdress or garment. Lappets were a feature of women's headgear until the early twentieth century, and are still a feature of religious garments. Examples of lappets are to be found on the papal tiara and on the nemes headdress of the kings of ancient Egypt. The same term is also used for similar-looking anatomical features on some animals. "